At the start of 1848, a carpenter called James Marshall ended up being taking care of developing a sawmill near Sacramento, California as he discovered silver. Although he and their boss tried to keep carefully the development peaceful, news began to distribute. Sam Brannan, a store owner in nearby bay area, seemed to money in, perhaps perhaps not by mining but by attempting to sell gear to prospectors. He initially announced the truly amazing hope that is gold the roads after which he sent publications east. Initial reports round the national country had been greeted by doubt. But, in December, President Polk confirmed the abundance of silver in California.